One of the greatest advantages of the modern medicine and the clear proof of its progress is the fact that most common illnesses nowadays can be successfully treated, cured or controlled if diagnosed timely. Unfortunately, too many patients wait for the most common motive to look for medical help – pain. Since several dominating nowadays and serious health conditions tend to be quiet for a long time before exposing the first symptoms, this lead to loss of some precious time and opportunities to intervene with treatment on time. It is why occasional evaluation of your overall health condition is an essential preventive method to ensure your health and wellness in the long run.
This examination should be provided by your trusted and chosen doctor, preferably the same person over a long period, so he can keep up with your medical history and monitor closely your already existing health issues. Some tests and routine analyzing may be conducted every once in a while, with no precise schedule, while other specific tastings for some conditions have their recommended schedule and frequency that should be followed.
Tests that periodic examination should include
Regardless of the scope of examinations, you will take, every routine checkup examination should begin with a thorough conversation with your doctor, evaluation of your conditions and typical inspection doctor will conduct. There’s a set of routine measurements doctor will do. This includes measuring your weight, pulse, temperature, blood pressure, breathing rate, as well as listening to your heart sounds and lungs. When the patient is a woman, doctors usually perform a manual examination of the breast as the prevention of breast cancer. Examination of throat, mouth, eyes, ears, and nose reveals symptoms of many potential illnesses.
Further, the patient is asked to lay on a bed, and a doctor performs a manual examination of the abdomen and extremities. If any organ is felt as enlarged or painful to pressure, this will usually require detailed further examination. If medical history suggests so, the doctor may perform internal examinations, such as digital rectal examination or vaginal examination, though these examinations are usually handled by the specialists. Specific neurological tests, as well as testing of reflexes with a hammer, will reveal the state of your peripheral and central nerves.
Preventive examination should include routine lab testing
Routine blood testing, as well as some other lab testing, if performed occasionally, may reveal myriad of underlying conditions or at least suggest that there’s something wrong with some of the organs. Thus, the preventive examination should include complete blood count with white cells formula, the concentration of blood sugar, electrolytes, analyzing of cholesterol and other fractions of blood fat, liver enzymes and kidney parameters and every other parameter if the medical history of a patient requires so. Specific testing should include PAPA smear for women, testing of prostate specific antigen, mammography, urine testing, bowel imaging and chest X-ray.
Pre – testing and after – testing
There are no any particular preparations you should do before the routine examination, except skip eating several hours prior blood testing. Make a list of all the questions you want to ask your doctor and don’t forget to mention all the symptoms that have been bothering you lately, as well as all the medications you’ve been taking. After the preventive examination is completed and all the results analyzed, your doctor will inform you about your overall health condition and suggest some further diagnostic procedures, if required according to the test results.